UPPSC Agricultural Services Exam Syllabus 2021| Exam Pattern Available

Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission has released the notification for Agricultural Services Exam to be held very soon. To crack the examination, you might need to know exam pattern & examination syllabus. Here in this article, you may get detailed syllabus of both preliminary and main examination conducted by UPPSC. If you applied for the UPPSC examination then grab the detailed syllabus and start your exam preparation as soon as possible.  

UPPSC Agricultural Services Exam Syllabus 2021
Key details


Agricultural Services Exam


Senior Technical Assistant & other posts

No of vacancies


Name of organization

Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission



Application mode


Last date

29 January 2021

Exam date

Update soon

Exam pattern:





Preliminary exam

General Studies



2 hours



Main exam




General Hindi & essay


2 hours

Optional subject


2 hours

UPPSC Agricultural Services Exam

Preliminary Exam Syllabus:

General Studies

  • General Science (High School Standard)
  • History of India
  • Indian National Movement
  • Indian Polity, Economy & Culture
  • Indian Agriculture, Commerce & Trade
  • Indian & Uttar Pradesh Geography & Natural resources
  • Current National and International Important events 8. Logic & Reasoning based on General Intelligence
  • Specific knowledge regarding Education, Culture, Agriculture, Industry Trade, Living & Social Traditions of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Elementary Mathematics up to 8th level:–Arithmetic, Algebra and Geometry
  • Ecology and Environment


  • Environmental factors of crop distribution and production.
  • Climatic elements as factor of crop growth.
  • Cropping patterns in different agroclimatic zones of U.P.
  • Concepts of multiple, multistory, relay and intercropping and their importance in relation to sustainable crop production.
  • Package and practices for production of important cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fibre, sugare and cash crops grown during kharif and Rabi seasons in different regions of U.P.
  • Important features, scope and propagation of various types of forestry plants with reference to agroforestry and social farestry.
  • Weeds, their characteristics, dessimination, association with various field crops, their multiplication and control.
  • Classification of Indian soils including modern concept.
  • Mineral and organic constituents of soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity.
  • Problem soils, extent and distribution in India and their reclamation.
  • Essential plant nutrituents and other beneficial elements in soil and plants.
  • Symbiotic and non-symbiotic nitrogen fixation.
  • Principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicious fertilizer use.
  • Soil conservation, planning on watershed basis.
  • Dryland agriculture and its problems.
  • Necessity and scope of organic farming.
  • Irrigation and drainage.
  • Farm management and its scope, importance and characteristics.
  • Role of cooperatives in agriculture economy.
  • Type and system of farming and factors affecting them.
  • Agricultural extension, its importance and role, method of extension programme, communication and adoption of innovations.
  • Training programme for extension workers and farmers.
  • Extension systems and programmes.
  • Farm machanization and its role in agricultural production and rural employment.
  • Seed Technology and its importance, production, processing, storage and testing of seeds.
  • Role of national and state seed organization in production, processing and marketing of improved seeds.
  • Physiology and its significance in agriculture.
  • Absorption and translocation of water, transpiration and water economy.
  • Photosynthesis–modern concepts and factors affecting the process. Aerobic and anaerobic respiration. Growth and development.
  • Etc.

Main Exam Syllabus:

General Hindi & Essay

  • Interpretation of unread passage, questions related to it, interpretation of underlined passages and its appropriate title. 
  • Multiple words, antonyms, synonyms, tatsam and tadbhav, regional, foreign (word store), spelling, semantic sense, word form.  Sandhi, compound, verbs, Hindi alphabet, punctuation, word formation, syntax, meaning, idioms and proverbs, main of Uttar Pradesh Dialects and impurities used in the use of Hindi language. 
  • Translation of sentences from Hindi to English and English to Hindi.

  • Essay to be written on one of the following topics:-
  • Literature, culture
  • National development plans / implementation
  • National - International, current social problems / diagnostics
  • Science and environment
  • Natural calamities and their prevention
  • Agriculture, industry and trade. 

District Horticulture Officer-Class-2 (Grade-1)

  • Agro climatic zones of U.P. and India, meaning and scope of agricultural meteorology, atmospheric weather variables, Global warming, causes of climatic change and its impact on agriculture. Weather hazardsdrought, floods, frost heat wave and cold wave etc.
  • Integrated farming system-scope, importance, concepts of organic farming. Weeds and their control. Concept of integrated nutrient management, balance of nutrition, precision agriculture. Irrigation and water management.
  • Importance of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition. Establishment of nursery of fruits and vegetables. Propagation, methods, Plantation and lay out of orchards. Principles and methods of training and pruning. Cultivation of fruits, vegetables, ornamentals and medicinal crops eg. mango, guava, anwala, papaya, banana, citrus, tomato, brinzal, okara, carrot, chili, bottle guard, marigold, gladiolus, ashwagandha and safed musali.
  • Establishment of kitchen and nutritional garden. Organic farming of fruits and vegetables. Preparation and methods of horticultural products e.g.–Jam, Jelly, Squash, Pickles, tomato sauce and cordial

Principal-Government Food Science Training Centre/Food Preservation Officer-Class-2

  • Principles and methods of preservation of fruits and vegetables.
  • Post harvest management of horticultural crops.
  • Preparation of jam, jelly, marmalades, candy, pickles, ketchup, sauce, squashes and cordials.
  • Importance of fruits handling, grading packaging and types of storage of fruits and vegetables with merits and demerits.
  • Concepts of canning pasteurization, Zero-energy cool chamber, degreening, maturity, indices, pre-cooling, controlled atmospheric storage.
  • Spoilage of food-classification of food in relation to spoilage agents.
  • Industrial and export potential, Agricultural export zones and industrial support.
  • Vitamins present in important fruits and vegetables.

Senior Technical Assistant Group-A (Agronomy Branch)

  • Meaning and scope of agricultural meterology, Atmospheric weather variables, Global warming. Causes of climate change, and its impact on agriculture, weather hazards-drought, floods, frost, heat wave and cold wave etc. Agro climatic Zones of U.P. & India.
  • Scientific principles of crop production, crop response production functions, concept of soil plants relations, concept of growth, modern concept of tillage, concept of Integrated nutrient management, Balance nutrition, precision agriculture.
  • Sustainable agriculture–problems and its impact on agriculture, conservation agriculture, strategies in agriculture, resource use efficiency and optimization of technologies.
  • Farming system-scope, importance, concept, cropping system and cropping pattern, multiple cropping, inter cropping. Integrated farming system, organic farming.
  • Weeds, their characteristics, weed biology, dissemination, association with field crops, multiplication, weed control and management.
  • Dry land agriculture, Rain fed Agriculture.
  • Irrigation and water management criteria for scheduling irrigation, drainage, runoff, Losses of water during irrigation, water use efficiency.
  • Package of practices for production of cereals, millets, pulses, oil seeds, fiber, forage, sugar & cash crops. Grown in kharif, Rabi & Zaid season in U.P. & India.

Senior Technical Assistant Group-A (Botany Branch)

  • Historical perspective of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Mendel's laws of inheritance, Multiple alleles, Gene interactions. Sex determination, sex-linkage, Sex-influenced and sex-limited traits; Linkage-detection, estimation; Recombination and genetic mapping in eukaryotes. Organization of chromosome in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, artificial chromosome construction and its uses; Special types of chromosomes. Chromosomal theory of inheritance–Cell Cycle and cell division–mitosis and meiosis. Crossing over-mechanisms and theories of crossing over-cytological basis. Structural and Numerical variations of chromosomes and their applications; Polyploidy and role of polyploidsin crop breeding; Extra chromosomal inheritance. Alien addition and substitution lines–creation and utilization; Interspecific hybridization and allopolyploids; Synthesis of new crops.
  • Nature, structure and replication of the genetic material; Organization of DNA in chromosomes, Genetic code; Protein biosynthesis. Fine structure of gene, Allelic complementation, Split genes, Overlapping genes, Pseudogenes, Onco-genes. Regulation of gene activity in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; Molecular mechanisms of mutation, repair and suppression.
  • Objectives, activity and important achievements of plant breeding. Mode of reproduction and Patterns of Evolution in Crop Plants, Centers of Origin, its significance. Genetic basis of breeding selfand cross-pollinated crops including mating systems and response to selection-nature of variability, components of variation; Heritability and genetic advance, genotype-environment interaction; Random mating population-Frequencies of genes and genotypes-Causes of change: Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. General and specific combining ability; Types of gene actions and implications in plant breeding; Plant introduction and role of plant genetic resources in plant breeding. Self-incompatibility and male sterility in crop plants and their commercial exploitation. Pure line theory, pure line selection and mass selection, pedigree, bulk, backcross, single seed descent and multiline method; Population breeding in self-pollinated crops (diallel selective mating approach). Breeding methods in cross pollinated crops; Population breeding-mass selection and ear-torow methods; early testing, recurrent selection schemes for intra and inter-population improvement and development of synthetics and composites; Hybrid breeding-genetically and physiological basis of heterocyst and inbreeding, production of in breds, breeding approaches for improvement of in breds predicting hybrid performance; seed production of hybrid and their parent varieties/ in breds. Breeding methods in asexually propagated crops. Concept of plant ideotype and its role in crop improvement. Special breeding techniques-Mutation breeding. Plant breeders' rights and regulations for plant variety protection and farmers rights.
  • Biotechnology and its relevance in agriculture, Tissue culture-History, callus, suspension cultures, Regeneration; Somatic embryogenesis; Anther culture; somatic hybridization techniques; Meristem, ovary and embryo culture; cryopreservation. Techniques of DNA isolation, quantification and analysis; Genotyping; Sequencing techniques; Vectors, vector preparation and cloning, genomic and c DNA libraries, Biochemical: morphological, and DNA-based markers (RFLP, RAPD, AFLP, SSR, SNPs, ESTs etc.), mapping populations. Marker-assisted selection for qualitative and quantitative traits; QTLs analysis in crop plants. Genomics and geo informatics for crop improvement. Recombinant DNA technology, transgenic, method of transformation, vector-mediated gene transfer and physical methods of gene transfer. Biotechnology applications in male sterility/hybrid breeding, molecular farming. Genetically Modified Organism and related issues (risk and regulations).
  • Biotic and abiotic stress resistance, Host-pathogen interaction, gene- for-gene hypothesis. Types and genetic mechanisms of resistance to biotic stresses-Horizontal and vertical resistance in crop plants and Gene Pyramiding.
  • Variety Development and Maintenance; Variety testing, release and notification systems in India. Genetic purity concept and DUS testing. Factors responsible for genetic deterioration of varieties-safeguards during seed production; Principles of quality seed production. Generation system of seed multiplication-nucleus, breeders, foundation, certified, Quality seed production technology of wheat, paddy, pearl millet, sorghum, maize, pigeon pea, chickpea, field pea, groundnut, soyabean, sunflower, rapeseed and mustard. Seed certification procedures and Seed Act.

Senior Technical Assistant Group-A (Chemistry Branch)

  • Soil–Physical, Chemical and Biological properties, processes and factor of soil formation, Mineral and organic constituents for soil and their role in maintaining soil productivity, Essential plant nutrientsmacro and micro and other beneficial elements in soils. Sources and forms of nutrient availability, Principles of soil fertility and integrated nutrient management, Losses of nitrogen, fixation of phosphorus and potassium in soils. Chemistry of acid, salt affected and submerged soils and their reclamation methods. Soil types and their important characteristics.
  • Soil microbiology-ecology and types of organisms in different soils. Microbial transformations of nutrients and biodegradation of soil organic matter and pesticides and their use in crop production and soil improvement.
  • Soil, water and air pollution problems associated with agricultures. Nature and sources of pollutants, Their effect on crops and soils:- soil as sink for waste disposal-Pesticides-their classification, behavior in soils, effect on soil micro organisms. Toxic elementsTheir sources, behavior in soils, effect on nutrients and human health. Pollution of water resources due to leaching of nutrients and pesticides. Green house gasses-carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. Amelioration of contaminated soil and water resources.
  • Soil conservation and soil survey-definitions, objectives, types, land use capability classification. Soil erosion-definition, processes, types factors affecting it soil, run off and nutrient losses in water erosion and their methods of estimation and measurement. Soil and water conservation measure of water erosion, agronomical, mechanical (engineering) and forestry. Wind erosion control measures-ground surface and forestry (wind breaks and shelter belts).
  • Dry land agriculture-measures for dry farming, dry land farming and rainfed farming. Watershed management-concept, principles, objectives, steps and components. Schemes related to watershed management and concept of bio industrial watershed management. Applications of Remote sensing, GIS and isotopes technology in survey and identification of for planning and management of watershed. Conservation irrigation-definition control on water conveyance losses, surface sprinkler and trickle irrigation in water saving. Drainage-possible reutilization of excess water by surface and subsurface methods and low Cost bio drainage technique. Soil conservation practices to support afforestation of problem sitesravines and gilled lands, waterlogged areas, salt affected soils, steep chill slops, land slides and slips, stream bank control, sand dune fixing and other wastelands. Agro forestry-definition, objectives, need scope and system. Forestry options in mitigating climate change and improvement:–agricultural development, ecological balance and national economy. Gully control structures-tem porary and permanent. Design and construction of checkdam, ponds and reservoirs

Senior Technical Assistant Group-A (Development Branch)

  • Importance of Agro meteorology, Global warming Causes of climate change and its impact on agriculture weather hazards-drought, flood & frost, Agro climatic zones in U.P.
  • Integrated forming system-scope, importance, concept cropping system and cropping pattern, multiple cropping and intercropping, organic farming.
  • Sustainable agriculture problems & its impact on agriculture concept of integrated nutrient management (INM), Integrated pest management (IPM), Integrated weed management (IWM), watershed management-concept, objective & steps of implementation.
  • Role of Animal husbandry & dairy development in rural economy, mushroom cultivation, Bee-keeping, Different Agricultural revolutions in India, Types of seeds, Role of forestry in mitigation of climate change, Agricultural Extension efrorts in pre independence and post independence era. Role of KVK information technology and communication in agriculture.
  • Package and Practices (i) Cereals-Rice, wheat, Maize, Jawar, Bajara. (ii) Pulses-Arhar, Gram, Lantil, Field pea. (iii) Oil seeds-Mustard, linssed, Til. (iv) Cash crops-Sugarcane, Potato. (v) Vegetables-Tomato, Brinzal, chilli, okra. (vi) Fruits-Mango, Guava, Amla. (vii) Flowers-Gladiolus, Marigold, Rose.

Senior Technical Assistant Group-A (Plant Protection)

  • History and importance of Plant Protection in India.
  • Set up of Plant Protection organization in U.P.
  • Principal of Pest control viz., Physical, Mechanical, Cultural and biological and integrated control.
  • Plant Protection equipment their care and maintenance.
  • Storage pest of cereals and pulses.
  • Pest management in major crops cereals (Paddy and Wheat) Millets (Maize, Sorghum and Bajara), oil seed (Mustard, Sesame and Sunflower), Pulses (Pigeon Pea, pea, chickpea and lentil) and sugarcane.
  • General principal of plant protection and its importance in agriculture.
  • Principal plant infection, and methods of Isolation.
  • Principal of plant disease control, Qurantine, Cultural Method, Biological Method, Chemical control and disease Resistance. Seed Treatment, Spraying and dusting. Mode of action of different groups of fungicides and antibiotics.
  • Symptoms, etiology, transmission and control of important disease of cereals, legumes, oilseed, fruits and vegetables crops in referances to U.P.

Important Dates

  • Last Date of application registration:29 January 2021
  • Exam Date: Notified Soon

Important Links

Official website

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